Appendix C

Comparison of Experimental and Calculated 10% Breakthrough Times for Various Classes of Gases and Solvent Vapors¹

10% Breakthrough Time

Aromatics²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Benzene 80.1 88.6 101.0 +14.0
Toluene 110.6 114.0 121.0 + 6.1
Ethyl Benzene 136.2 105.0 115.0 + 9.5
M-Xylene 138.4 116.0 121.0 + 4.3
Cumene 152.4 103.0 105.0 + 1.9
Methylene 164.7 105.0 106.0 + 1.0
P-Cymene 176.7 92.9 64.1 + 1.3
Alcohols²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Methanol 64.7 3.2 8.5 +16.6
Ethanol 78.4 45.3 84.8 +87.0
Isopropanol 82.3 81.8 109.0 +33.0
Allyl Alcohol 97.0 105.0 130.0 +24.0
Propanol 97.1 111.0 141.0 +27.0
Sec Butanol 99.5 121.0 131.0 +19.9
Butanol 117.7 141.0 148.0 + 5.0
2-Pentanol 119.9 111.0 130.0 +17.0
3-Methyl 1-Butanol 131.2 121.0 134.0 +11.0
4-Methyl 2-Pentanol 131.8 96.1 114.0 +19.0
Pentanol 137.9 130.0 137.0 + 5.4
2-Ethyl 1-Butanol 146.8 101.0 120.0 +19.0
Monochlorides²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Methyl Chloride -24.2 0.7 0.8 +14.0
Vinyl Chloride -13.9 6.6 5.4 -18.0
Ethyl Chloride 12.3 10.7 19.4 +81.0
2-Chloropropane 35.2 35.9 46.8 +30.0
Allyl Chloride 44.5 44.6 53.5 +20.0
1-Chloropropane 46.7 34.8 55.5 +58.0
2-Chloro-2-Methylpropane 50.8 52.3 66.9 +28.0
1-Chlorobulane 77.5 88.1 89.6 + 1.7
2-Chloro-2-Methylbutane 85.7 79.3 89.5 +13.0
1-Chlorobutane 108.4 96.6 102.0 + 5.6
Chlorocyclpentane 113.0 106.0 118.0 +11.0
Chlorobenzene 132.0 131.0 132.0 + 0.8
1-Chlorohexane 134.5 95.8 101.0 + 5.4
o-Chlorotoluene 159.2 122.0 125.0 + 2.5
1-Chloroheptane 159.2 101.0 94.9 - 6.03
(Chloromethyl) Heptane 172.0 80.5 85.3 + 6.0
Dichlorides²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Dichloromethane 40.2 15.8 25.8 +63.0
Trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene 49.0 50.3 57.2 +14.0
1,1-Dichloroethane 56.5 40.1 72.8 +82.0
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene 59.8 42.6 74.8 +76.0
1,2-Dichloroethane 83.5 79.7 105.0 +32.0
1,2-Dichloropropane 96.4 90.3 109.0 +21.0
cis,Trans-1,3-Dichloro-propane 108.0 110.0 123.0 +12.0
1,4-Dichlorobutane 162.0 129.0 128.0 - 0.8
o-Dichlorobenzene 180.4 132.0 132.0 0.0
Trichlorides²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Chloroform 61.2 52.4 69.6 +33.0
Methyl Chloroform 74.0 58.9 88.7 +51.0
Trichloroethylene 86.5 83.0 107.1 +29.0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 113.6 112.0 131.5 +17.0
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 156.0 132.0 137.9 + 4.5
Tetrachlorides²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Carbon Tetrachloride 76.8 90.0 113.0 +26.0
Perchloroethylene 121.2 129.0 128.0 - 0.8
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 146.0 131.0 135.0 + 3.1
Pentachlorides²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Pentachloroethane 161.0 117.0 120.0 + 2.6
Acetates²
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Methyl Acetate 57.3 46.5 86.2 +85.0
Vinyl Acetate 72.5 81.1 109.0 +34.0
Ethyl Acetate 77.2 84.7 103.0 +22.0
Isopropyl Acetate 87.5 85.6 101.0 +18.0
Isopropanol Acetate 96.0 106.0 111.0 + 4.7
Propyl Acetate 101.3 95.0 110.0 +11.0
Allyl Acetate 103.5 95.6 116.0 +21.0
sec-Butyl Acetate 111.5 101.0 99.8 - 1.2
Butyl Acetate 126.1 96.9 106.0 + 9.4
Isopentyl Acetate 141.5 88.3 96.1 + 8.8
1,3-Dimethylbutyl Acetate 146.2 76.0 84.3 +11.0
Pentyl Acetate 148.4 87.3 97.8 +12.0
Hexyl Acetate 169.0 85.3 87.7 + 2.8
Ketones³
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Acetone 56.2 46.0 111.0 +141.0
2-Butanone 79.6 94.4 136.0 +15.0
2-Pentanone 102.3 121.0 139.0 +45.0
3-Pentanone 102.7 114.0 140.0 +23.0
4-Methyl-2-Pentanone 115.5 111.0 127.0 +14.0
Methyl Oxide 129.7 139.0 146.0 +5.0
Cyclopentanone 130.7 161.0 182.0 +13.0
2,4-Pentanone 140.4 144.0 160.0 +11.0
3-Heptanone 147.3 105.0 121.0 +15.0
2-Heptanone 151.2 114.0 121.0 +6.1
Cyclohexanone 155.6 144.0 164.0 +14.0
5-Methyl-3-Heptanone 159.5 99.3 109.0 + 9.8
3-Methylcyclohexanone 168.0 123.0 143.0 +16.0
Diisobutyl Ketone 169.4 83.3 97.0 +16.0
4-Methylcyclonexanone 171.3 126.0 142.0 +13.0
Alkanes³
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Pentane 36.1 71.3 85.9 +20.0
2,3-Dimethylbutane 58.0 81.1 95.6 +18.0
Hexane 68.7 64.6 104.0 +61.0
Methylcyclopentane 71.8 76.1 115.0 +51.0
Cyclohexane 80.7 82.3 124.0 +51.0
Cyclohexene 83.3 100.0 131.0 +31.0
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane 96.5 80.4 94.2 +17.0
Heptane 98.5 89.8 105.0 +17.0
Methylcyclohexane 100.9 80.5 119.0 +48.0
1,3,5-Cycloheptatrione 115.5 137.0 149.0 + 8.8
2,2,5-Trimethylhexane 124.5 80.0 90.9 +14.0
5-Ethylidene-2-Norbornene 147.5 101.0 126.0 +25.0
Cycleoctane 150.0 113.0 126.0 +12.0
Nonane 150.0 89.3 95.0 + 6.4
Decane 174.0 81.5 86.9 + 6.6
Amines³
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Methylamine - 6.7 17.9 49.0 +174.0
Dimethylamine 6.7 21.7 36.7 +69.0
Ethylamine 16.6 49.7 99.6 +100.0
Isopropylamine 31.5 75.8 82.6 +90.0
Propylamine 47.8 111.0 134.8 +21.0
Diethylamine 55.5 105.0 87.9 -16.0
Butylamine 77.5 125.0 144.0 +15.0
Triethylamine 89.4 91.0 110.0 +21.0
Dipropylamine 110.0 105.0 109.0 + 3.8
Diisopropylamine 110.5 87.1 116.0 +33.0
Cyclohexylamine 134.0 128.0 144.0 +13.0
Dibutylamine 159.0 84.8 101.0 +19.0
Miscellaneous
Solvent BP (°C) Experimental(Min) Calculated (Min) Deviation from Observed (%)
Methyl Iodide³ 42.4 17.7 36.4 +106.0
Acrylonitrile³ 77.3 61.1 141.0 +131.0
Dibromomethane³ 98.6 121.0 181.0 +50.0
Pyridine³ 115.2 134.0 183.0 +37.0
Eplchlorohydrin² 116.9 110.0 145.0 +32.0
2-Methoxyethanol² 124.4 145.0 159.0 + 9.7
1,2-Dibromoethane³ 131.5 165.0 186.0 +13.0
1-Nitropropane³ 131.6 164.0 181.0 +10.0
2-Ethoxyethanol² 135.5 123.0 --- ---
Acetic Anhydride³ 139.6 138.0 178.0 +29.0
2-Methoxyethylacetate² 144.5 113.0 123.0 + 8.9
Bromobenzene³ 156.0 159.0 162.0 + 1.9
2-Ethoxyethylacetate³ 156.3 96.5 108.0 +12.0

Note: BP = Boiling Point ¹Test parameters were: flow rate - 53.3 liters/minute, concentration - 1000 ppm, relative humidity - 50 percent, temperature - 20 to 22 degrees C. The cartridge pair was preconditioned statically at 50 percent relative humidity before testing.

²Type 1 cartridge Pair

³Type 2 cartridge Pair