Philipp Ruprecht

Philipp Ruprecht conducting field research in a lava field.

Philipp Ruprecht

Assistant Professor

Summary

Philipp Ruprecht is a native German, and received his Bachelor’s degree in Geological Sciences from Georg-August University Göttingen, Germany, in 2001. After a year abroad at UCLA, he finished his Diplom degree in Geological Sciences (MSc equivalent) at Georg-August University in 2004. Philipp received his PhD in Geological Sciences from the University of Washington, Seattle, USA, in 2009. His dissertation explored the time and lengthscale of magma mixing in natural systems and by numerical modeling in general, and in particular focused on the historic eruptions in 1846 and 1932 of Volcán Quizapu in Chile. Following a three year post-doctoral appointment at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (Columbia University), including a Feodor-Lynen Fellowship from the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation, he joined the research faculty at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory as a Lamont Assistant Research Professor in 2012. Since April 2016, Philipp is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geological Sciences and Engineering at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Philipp combines fieldwork with petrologic and geochemical studies on volcanic areas to understand how Earth differentiates, what the inner workings of volcanoes are as well as how volatiles condition the atmosphere, generate pathways for ore formation, and provide real-time insights into volcanic hazards and eruption forecasting. While having a focus on the natural systems and their geochemical fingerprints, his research ties in constraints from the physical processes and fluid dynamics. Philipp has worked in volcanic areas in the entire Americas as well as the Western Pacific and the European volcanoes, but most of his focus has been on Andean volcanoes through the years.

Education

  • 2009 Ph.D. Geological Sciences, University of Washington
  • 2004 Dipl. Geosciences, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
  • 2001 B.Sc. Geosciences, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany

Select publications

  • Walowski K.J., Wallace P.J., Cashman K.V., Clynne M.A., Marks J.K., Ruprecht P. (2019) Understanding melt evolution and eruption dynamics of the 1666 C.E. eruption of Cinder Cone, Lassen Volcanic National Park, California: Insights from olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 387: ,doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106665.
  • Lev E., Ruprecht P., Oppenheimer C., Peters N., Patrick M., Hernández P., Spampinato L., Marlow J. (2019) A global synthesis of lava lake dynamics. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 381: 16-31, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.04.010.
  • Gavrilenko M., Krawczynski M., Ruprecht P., Li W., Catalano J. (2019) The quench control of water budgets in convergent margin magmas. American Mineralogist 104, 936-948 doi: 10.2138/am-2019-6735
  • Oeser M., Ruprecht P., Weyer S. (2018) Combined Fe-Mg chemical and isotopic zoning in olivine constraining magma mixing-to-eruption timescales for the continental arc volcano Irazú (Costa Rica) and Cr diffusion in olivine. American Mineralogist 103, 582-599. doi: 10.2138/am-2018-6258.
  • Fiege, A., Ruprecht, P., Simon, A. (2017) A magma mixing redox trap that moderates mass transfer of sulfur and metals. Geochemical Perspectives Letters 3, 190-200. doi: 10.7185/geochemlet.1722.
  • Fiege A., Ruprecht P., Simon A., Bell A., Göttlicher J., Newville M., Lanzirotti T., Moore G. (2017) Calibration of Fe-XANES for high-precision determination of Fe oxidation state in glasses: Comparison of results obtained at different synchrotron radiation sources. American Mineralogist 102, 369-380. doi: 10.2138/am-2017-5822.
  • Lloyd A.S., Ferriss E., Ruprecht P., Hauri E., Jicha B., Plank T. (2016) An assessment of clinopyroxene as a recorder of magma ascent. Journal of Petrology 57, 1865-1886, doi: 10.1093/petrology/egw058.
  • Ferguson D.J., Gonnermann H., Ruprecht P., Plank T., Hauri E., Houghton B., Swanson D. (2016) Magma decompression rates during explosive eruptions of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaii. Bulletin of Volcanology 78: 71. doi: 10.1007/s00445-016-1064-x.
  • Salas P.A., Rabbia O.M., Hernandez L.B., Ruprecht P. (2016) Mafic monogenetic vents at the Descabezado Grande volcanic field (35.5°S–70.8°W): the northernmost evidence of regional primitive volcanism in the Southern Volcanic Zone of Chile Int J Earth Sci. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1357-5
  • Lloyd A., Ruprecht P., Hauri E., Rose W., Gonnermann H., Plank T. (2014) NanoSIMS results from olivine-hosted melt embayments: Magma ascent rate during explosive basaltic eruptions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1-18, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.06.002.
  • Ruprecht P., Plank T. (2013) Feeding andesitic eruptions with a high-speed connection from the mantle. Nature 500, 68-72, doi: 10.1038/nature12342.