3/23/2017 | University of Nevada, Reno
- All video content that is either for instructional purposes, internally shared or publically available on the web needs to be captioned.
- Captions need to be 95% accurate or better; auto-generated captions are not sufficient (i.e. those generated by YouTube).
- Video content that has no spoken audio (i.e. only background music) is an exception and does not need to be captioned.
- Transcripts are not sufficient in most cases. Transcripts with timestamps are a step in the right direction but not a substitute for captions. Transcripts without timestamps are insufficient.
- Audio files (i.e. podcasts) need to have a transcript, ideally with timestamps.
- All PDFs that are for instructional purposes, internally shared or publically available on the web need to be accessible.
- For scanned documents, all text should be OCR’ed so that it can be read by a screen reader;
- Scanned documents or book pages that are not OCR’ed are not accessible andshould not be used.
- All images need to have ALT text.
- The document reading order needs to be set –this ensures that a screen reader reads the page in the order it was intended.
- Follow the guidelines below when creating content for the web. This includes anyweb content that is publically accessible, used for internal purposes and content that is directed toward students.
- All images must have ALT text (i.e. the alt attribute of the <img> tag)
- Alt text should
- Be accurate and equivalent
- Be succinct; although some more detailed graphics or diagrams may require it to be longer
- Not be redundant
- Not use the phrases “image of” or “picture of,” etc.
- Links should be descriptive
- Do not use “Click Here” –this has nomeaning out of context.
- Do not use long URLs as link text (i.e. http://er.educause.edu/articles/2017/1/ada-compliance-for-online-course-design).
- Instead, use a descriptive link in context (i.e. EDUCAUSE review article, ADA Compliance for Online Course Design, by Sheryl Burgstahler)
- Datatables need to have captions. (This is different than captions related to videos; it refers to the small text under or above a table that describes the data presented.)
- Tables must have headers.
- Avoid spanned cells.
- Use proportional sizing rather than absolute (% rather than a pixel dimension).
- Do not use text formatting to achieve the appearance of headings; heading tags (<H1>-<H6>) should be used for all headings –these may be set to specific styles in the content management system you use (i.e. LibGuides)
- Conversely, do not use heading tags (<H1>-<H6>) to achieve visual results only as they convey a hierarchy
- Do not use color to convey meaning or information (for users who cannot distinguish color differences); alternatively colored text should be otherwise differentiated
- Make sure that the colors you choose have sufficient contrast
- Below are some accessibility resources that are available on the web and campus resources if you need assistance or have questions.
Tools to Check Your Content:
Resources for Assistance at the University