Training

This page contains links to 3rd party online content. If you experience any issues accessing this content, please contact Research Integrity.

Training for human subjects research  |   Additional training

In support of scientifically sound and ethical conduct, and to meet regulatory and accreditation requirements, Research Integrity requires training in human subject research and funding-specific responsible conduct of research, when applicable.


 

Training for human subjects research

Training will help researchers and others involved in human research

  • Understand the relevant issues at play in human subjects research
  • Formulate studies with the intent of upholding the social contract with research participants and with the perspective of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) in mind

Anyone working on a study involving human participants is required by the University to complete Training for Human Research Oversight Responsibilities or Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI).

Training for Human Research Oversight Responsibilities

Training for Human Research Oversight Responsibilities is comprised of modules that include detailed content, images, supplemental materials such as case studies, and a quiz. Learners may complete the modules at their own pace. Each module varies in length, and learners may require different amounts of time to complete the module based on their familiarity and knowledge of the topic. In general, modules can take 30 to 45 minutes to complete. The modules cover the historical development of human subject protections, as well as current regulatory information and ethical issues. Additional modules cover topics related to human research protections, including cultural competence, advanced issues in informed consent, and population-specific content. The training was developed and reviewed by human research experts to help organizations and individuals understand human subjects research protections and fulfills the human research protection training requirement. Training is valid for five years with renewal required by the Human Research Protection Program accrediting body, Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs, Inc. (AAHRPP). Training for Human Research Oversight Responsibilities modules are accessible for individuals with sight and hearing impairment and offer review of the content in close-captioned video, audio and written text.

Instructions for Training for Human Research Oversight Responsibilities (THOR)

For non-clinical researcher appointments

Enrollment information for University faculty, staff and students:

  1. Go to WebCampus and log in as you normally do to access courses with your NetID/Password.
  2. While logged into WebCampus, open the IRB training course at unr.canvaslms.com/enroll/6ECGHK in a new tab or window in the same browser.
  3. You should then see a link to complete the enrollment without having to re-enter your username and password.

Contact Research Integrity for enrollment assistance if you do not have a University netID/Password.

Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI)

See below for more details on how to enroll.

For non-clinical researcher appointments

CITI Group 1: Social Behavioral Research Investigators and Key Personnel Group

For clinical researcher appointments

CITI Group 2: Biomedical Research Investigators and Key Personnel Group


Initial Education Requirement to Conduct Human Subjects Research

All persons involved in the design, implementation, review, and oversight of human research conducted or supported by the University must complete and maintain the required training to fulfill their obligations to conduct ethical and scientifically-sound research; and to adequately protect human subjects (see the RIO policy manual for training requirements or follow the links below for specific information).

University and affiliate* researchers are required to complete one or more Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) ethics training courses.

All researchers are required to complete Human Subject Research training. This training is required for all study personnel and must be taken at least every five years. A passing score is 80%.

*Veterans Affairs (VA) researchers must comply with VA training requirements. For information, see the VA human subject research page of the Research Integrity website.

Waivers or Alterations for Researcher Training Requirements

On a case-by-case basis, the Director, Research Integrity Office, may waive or alter training requirements for researchers.

Instructions for Human Subject Research (Basic Course) CITI Training for Research Study Team

  1. Go to the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative login page.
  2. Register as a new user
    Note: if you already have a log in and password, skip to # 6 (below)
  3. Be sure to locate University of Nevada, Reno in the drop down options
  4. When you get to the options for which training you would like to take, scroll down to Question 1: Human Subject Research (Basic Course) choose either Group 1 or Group 2, whichever most closely matches your discipline
    Note: For Human Subjects Research, this is all that is required from the IRB as a Basic Course
    Note: You may have other requirements such as Conflict of Interest (COI) or Responsible Conduct in Research (RCR) Training from other sources
  5. Scroll down and click on continue. You will be taken back to your home page where you will see " Not Started - Enter."
    Note: You may start and stop the modules as many times as needed, log out and back in as time permits, it will pick up where you left off.
  6. Log in using your registered username and password. If you have forgotten your username and/or password, send an e-mail to jananderson@unr.edu and she will e-mail the information back to you.
  7. From your homepage, click on: "Add a course or update your learner groups"
  8. Scroll down to question 1: Human Subject Research (Basic Course) and choose the module that most closely matches your discipline
  9. Return to #4 (above) and complete through #5 (above)
 

Additional training

  • Responsible Conduct of Research

    Goal

    Implement a plan for compliance with responsible conduct of research (RCR) instruction requirements that meets federal funding agencies’ compliance requirements and provides the resources needed to support broader RCR instruction at the University. Responsible conduct of research is defined as the practice of scientific investigation with integrity. It involves the awareness and application of established professional norms and ethical principles in the performance of all activities related to scientific research. The information contained on this website is a guide for faculty to determine the specific individual development plan for the student/trainee and submitted to the funding agency.

    Grant Application Requirements

    NSF. NSF requires an institutional certification that the institution has developed a plan to provide instruction and oversight in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) at the time of proposal submission. An institution must have a  plan in place to provide appropriate training and oversight in the responsible and ethical conduct of research to undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers who will be supported by NSF to conduct research.

    NIH. NIH requires that all trainees, fellows, participants, and scholars receiving support through any NIH training, career development award (individual or institutional), research education grant, or dissertation research grant must receive instruction in responsible conduct of research. NIH has published different requirements for institutional applications and individual applications. Principals Investigators (PI) must include an RCR section in their grant applications.

    RCR Policy Comparison Chart
    Requirements NIX NSF
    Date Effective New and renewal applications due on or after Jan 25, 2010. Continuation (Type 5) applications due on or after Jan 1, 2011 New proposals due on or after Jan 4, 2012
    Who must complete training? All undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and junior faculty supported by early career awards and training grants.* NSF expects institutions to be able to verify that those students (undergraduates and graduates) and postdoctoral researchers who receive NSF funds (support from salary and/or stipends to conduct research on NSF grants) will obtain RCR training. (from NSF FAQs)
    Presentation At least eight hours of in-classroom, face-to-face training involving case studies, small-group discussions. "...participation of research training faculty members... are highly encouraged" Defined by institution.
    Content Conflict of interest (personal, professional, and financial); policies regarding human subjects, live vertebrate animal subjects in research, and safe laboratory practices; mentor/mentee responsibilities and relationships; collaborative research including collaborations with industry peer review; data acquisition and laboratory tools; management, sharing and ownership; research misconduct and policies for handling misconduct; responsible authorship and publication; and, the scientist as a responsible member of society Defined by institution.
    Duration A minimum of once at the undergraduate, post-baccalaureate, pre-doctoral, postdoctoral, and faculty levels Defined by institution.
    Frequency No less than once every four years. Defined by institution.

    Basic Principles

    The following principles are based on several key concepts about responsible conduct of research and best practices that have evolved over the past two decades’ experiences:

    1. Responsible conduct of research is an essential component of research training. Therefore, instruction in responsible conduct of research is an integral part of all research training programs, and its evaluation will impact funding decisions.
    2. Active involvement in the issues of responsible conduct of research should occur throughout a scientist’s career. Instruction in responsible conduct of research should therefore be appropriate to the career stage of the individuals receiving training.
    3. Individuals supported by individual funding opportunities such as fellowships and career development awards are encouraged to assume individual and personal responsibility for their instruction in responsible conduct of research.
    4. Research faculty of the institution should participate in instruction in responsible conduct of research in ways that allow them to serve as effective role models for their trainees, fellows, and scholars.
    5. Instruction should include face-to-face discussions by course participants and faculty; i.e., on-line instruction may be a component of instruction in responsible conduct of research but is not sufficient to meet the NIH requirement for such instruction, except in special or unusual circumstances.
    6. Instruction in responsible conduct of research must be carefully evaluated in all NIH grant applications for which it is a required component.

    Instruction in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) consists of (but is not limited to) the following core content areas:

    • Mentor/Trainee Responsibilities
    • Data Acquisition, Management, Sharing and Ownership
    • Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship
    • Peer Review
    • Collaborative Science
    • Research Ethics and the Role of the Scientist
    • Research Misconduct
    • Conflict of Interest and Conflict of Commitment
    • Human Subjects
    • Animal Welfare
    • Safe Laboratory Practices

    Template for NIH Instruction in the Responsible Conduct of Research

    Please adapt this template to your particular circumstances.

    This section is limited to 1 page for individual award applications for Fellowships (F) and Career Development (K), and to 3 pages for Institutional Training (T) award applications. Renewal applications must describe any changes in formal instruction over the past project period and plans for the future that address any weaknesses in the current RCR instruction. All training faculty who served as course directors, speakers, lecturers, and/or discussion leaders during the past project period must be named in the application.

    Introduction

    University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), in compliance with the requirements of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), is committed to training relevant personnel in the Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) who are funded by these agencies to conduct research. The University believes that RCR training is an essential component of baccalaureate and graduate education for those pursuing research opportunities. Because RCR is most effective in the scope of daily activities, the plan for RCR training must be tailored to meet the specific needs of the covered participants. UNR has several options for providing educational opportunities to undergraduate and graduate students and faculty and staff regarding RCR. All such opportunities are designed to be in full compliance with the policy requirements for RCR education promulgated by NIH in NOT-OD-10-019, issued November 24, 2009.

    Format

    University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) provides a comprehensive RCR training plan which includes both interdisciplinary general and program-specific RCR content. The phased program described below is intended to provide quality training experiences while offering flexibility for the learner.

    Basic training

    Those covered individuals are required to complete an online RCR course provided by the online Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI). The online RCR course consists of 13 modules with an anticipated completion time of 4 hours. This requirement must be completed within the first 12 months of support/employment on the award (or earlier, at the discretion of the PI).

    Advanced training

    Trainees are also required to engage in an additional eight (8) contact hours of didactic and small-group discussion-based RCR training. This may include a variety of activities determined by the PI to be effective and engaging. The contact hours will include more than one topic area. Custom-designed workshops, forums, and classes, or existing classes and seminars offered by the college or department, and/or participation in external offerings may all be included. Plans may include encouragement to attend some of the RCR programs offered through the Vice President for Research and Innovation office, such as Research Integrity Brownbag discussions, RCR Workshops, and Ethics Workshops. For an existing course or program to be suitable for fulfilling one of the training requirements, the PI must document that relevant RCR topics are covered in the trainee’s individual development plan.

    Subject Matter

    Topics covered include, but are not limited to: conflict of interest – personal, professional, and financial; policies regarding human subjects, live vertebrate animal subjects in research, and safe laboratory practices; mentor/mentee responsibilities and relationships; collaborative research including collaborations with industry; peer review; data acquisition and laboratory tools; management, sharing and ownership; research misconduct and policies for handling misconduct; responsible authorship and publication; the scientist as a responsible member of society, contemporary ethical issues in biomedical research, and the environmental and societal impacts of scientific research. Online CITI training in RCR offers modules by discipline type: biomedical, social and behavioral sciences, physical sciences and humanities. Instructional material is not mandated but rather chosen by departmental faculty focusing on discipline specific topics that are meaningful to the discipline and the participant. The ORC provides resources (e.g. training for faculty, consultation and advice, teaching resources) to support the RCR training program and its implementation by the PI.

    Faculty Participation

    All live lectures and small group discussions are taught by University faculty and staff with extensive experience in the subject matter. Instructors leading journal club sessions also stimulate informal discussions involving RCR topics. Additional RCR discussion also occurs throughout the applicant’s training within the institution in the course of interaction with mentors and research meetings.

    Duration of Instruction

    Instruction consists of at least XX hours, delivered as XX weeks of live lectures and group discussions. Additional face-to-face RCR discussions with faculty and mentor(s) are on- going. The basic training consists of an online course that takes approximately 4 hours to complete. The advanced training portion of the training program consists of 8 contact hours.

    Frequency of Instruction

    Frequency of instruction depends upon the educational experience and length of time that the trainees/fellow/scholar/participant will be involved on the NIH grant and on the career stage of the covered individuals. Trainees must participate in all RCR programs at their earliest opportunity. Interactive discussions regarding RCR occur throughout the program facilitated by the faculty mentor(s).

    How Participation in RCR Individual Development Plan is Monitored

    CITI training compliance is administered under the University’s Office of the Vice President for Research and Innovation, Research Integrity Office. Additionally, activities are monitored in several ways: signed and dated attendance rosters, online class registration, Webcampus graded quiz/test and a final grade of Satisfactory (“S”) or Unsatisfactory (“U”) after each lecture/small group discussion or module from the faculty member using Webcampus. Trainees are expected to be actively involved in all discussions and activities. Because research is being done in a multitude of subject areas, having input from all trainees is essential to having a discussion that sees a situation from multiple viewpoints. PIs are responsible for implementing and documenting achievement of the participant’s plan.

  • Training for Public Health Service Funding

    This page contains links to 3rd party online content; if you experience any issues accessing this content, please contact Research Integrity.

    Public Health Service (PHS) and the Office of the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published revised regulations in August 2011. Effective August 24, 2012, additional training in financial conflict of interest is required for PHS funded investigators. To meet this requirement, researchers must complete the course titles “Mini Course on Financial Conflicts of Interest” in the online CITI system.

    According to the PHS, “Investigator” means the project director or principal investigator and any other person, regardless of title or position, who is responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of research funded by the PHS (e.g., NIH), or proposed for such funding, which may include, for example, collaborators or consultants. Institutions should consider the role, rather than the title, of those involved in research and the degree of independence with which those individuals work. When the definition of investigator is limited to titles or designations (e.g., to principal investigators, key personnel, faculty) the risk is that an unidentified FCOI may compromise the research enterprise increases.

    Sponsored Projects will not release your account until this additional training is completed. If you have questions, contact Nancy Moody at nmoody@unr.edu.

    Organizations Requiring Compliance with PHS Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) Regulations

    U.S. Public Health Services (PHS) Agencies:

    • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
    • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)
    • Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
    • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    • Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
    • Indian Health Services (IHS)
    • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

    Non‐PHS organizations that have adopted the PHS FCOI regulations:

    • Alliance for Lupus Research
    • American Cancer Society
    • American Heart Association
    • Arthritis Foundation
    • Susan G. Komen for the Cure

    NIH requires that all trainees, fellows, participants, and scholars receiving support through any NIH training, career development award (individual or institutional), research education grant, and dissertation research grant must receive instruction in responsible conduct of research. This policy will take effect with all new and renewal applications submitted on or after January 25, 2010, and for all continuation (Type 5) applications with deadlines on or after January 1, 2011. This Notice applies to the following programs: D43, D71, F05, F30, F31, F32, F33, F34, F37, F38, K01, K02, K05, K07, K08, K12, K18, K22, K23, K24, K25, K26, K30, K99/R00, KL1, KL2, R25, R36, T15, T32, T34, T35, T36, T37, T90/R90, TL1, TU2, and U2R. This policy also applies to any other NIH-funded programs supporting research training, career development, or research education that require instruction in responsible conduct of research as stated in the relevant funding opportunity announcements. The requirements are described here on the NIH's website.

    Training for NSF funding (RCR)

    Since January 4, 2010, National Science Foundation (NSF) requires Responsible Conduct of Research Training for all undergraduate, graduates or postdoctoral scholars working on NSF funded projects. The university requires all research personnel, including principal investigators, on NSF funded projects to complete the one-time RCR training.

    There are currently two ways to complete the requirement, the online CITI program or through WebCampus.

    Responsible Conduct of Research training through Webcampus:

    Research Integrity has developed a Responsible Conduct of Research Course available in Webcampus as an alternative to the CITI training course. The training includes videos, articles and an assessment for each topic to demonstrate competence in each module.

    You must receive a grade of 80% or better for each of the assessments. Once these are complete, you will have met your training requirement. Please also be sure to complete the course evaluation so that we may work to provide you with the best training experience.

    Upon course completion, please download the certificate document and add your name and date of completion to the document. Attach the certificate into WebCampus to document completion of the course. Attach your certificate to your IRBNet user profile if conducting Human Subjects Research. Please contact Christine Wallace at (775) 327-2372 if you have questions.

    Enrollment for UNR - affiliated users (faculty, students, staff) with a netID/Password

    Follow the specific sequence to enroll in this special self-enroll course.

    1. Go to WebCampus ( https://webcampus.unr.edu) and log in as you normally do to access courses with your netID/Password.
    2. While logged into WebCampus, follow the link to enroll in the IRB course ( https://unr.canvaslms.com/enroll/CRANJ6) via a new tab or window of the same browser. Important - you must be logged into WebCampus in the same browser you are using to enroll in the course by opening a new tab or new window of the browser.
    3. You should then see a link to complete the enrollment without having to enter your username and password.
    4. Please take a moment to complete the course evaluation when you have finished the course.

    Enrollment for users not affiliated with UNR, contact Christine Wallace, crwallace@unr.edu for account registration, follow the link: Responsible Conduct of Research Course, and enter your assigned User Name/Password.

    Responsible Conduct of Research training through CITI

    Online training may be completed anytime. You may access at our CITI training on Responsible Conduct of Research by following these steps:

    Go to the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) login page.

    Register as a new user
    Note:if you already have a log in and password, skip to # 6 (below)

    Be sure to locate University of Nevada, Reno in the drop down options

    When you get to the options for which training you would like to take, scroll down to question 1 and choose N/A - scroll down to question 4, Responsible Conduct of Research-course and choose Yes.

    Scroll down and click on Submit. You will be taken back to your home page where you will see Not Started - Enter. You may start and stop the modules as many times as needed, log out and back in as time permits, it will pick up where you left off.

    Log in using your registered username and password. If you have forgotten your username and/or password, send an e-mail to jananderson@unr.edu and she will email the username and a link to reset the password.

    From your home page, click on Add a Course

    Scroll down and click on Submit. You will be taken back to your home page where you will see Not Started - Enter. You may start and stop the modules as many times as needed, log out and back in as time permits, it will pick up where you left off.

  • Additional requirements for researchers, IRB members and Research Integrity staff

    Please refer to Research Integrity Policy 21 for the human subjects training requirements for researchers, Research Integrity staff and IRB members.

  • IBRNet training and access

    All protocols must be submitted through IRBNet.  View  step-by-step guides to setting-up and navigating IRBNet