hall cushman

Hall Cushman

Professor, Community & Climate-Change Ecology


My research addresses a wide range of questions in ecology at the population, community, ecosystem and landscape levels. Increasingly, my work is examining the consequences of anthropogenic climate change for ecological systems. I am primarily a plant ecologist, conducting research projects that focus on the dynamics of tree and shrub populations, the influence of herbivores on terrestrial landscapes, and the ecology and impacts of invasive, and non-native plant. My work has a strong applied emphasis and strives to provide science-based insights about the management and restoration of human-altered landscapes.

I have a diverse group of graduate students, postdocs and research technicians working with me on projects in ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology – and am always on the look-out for bright, motivated individuals who want to join our group.


B.S. Marlboro College
M.S. University of Arizona
Ph.D. Northern Arizona University


Book Chapter(s)

History and ecology of feral pig invasions in California grasslands.


Ecology and Management of California Grasslands (M. Stromberg, C. D’Antonio and J. Corbin). Pages 191-196. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Cushman, J. H.

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: A Global Perspective.


Wiley Press, New York. 493 pages.

Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina, editors.

Diversity and Processes in Tropical Forest Ecosystems.


Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 229 pages.

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, & J. H. Cushman, editors.

Ecosystem-level consequences of species additions and deletions on islands.


In Islands: Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function (P. M. Vitousek, H. Adsersen, L. L. Loope, editors), pages 135-147. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Cushman, J. H.

Conditional interactions in ant-plant-herbivore mutualisms.


In Ant-Plant Interactions (C. R. Huxley & D. F. Cutler, editors), pages 92-103. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Cushman, J. H., & J. F. Addicott.


Responses to invasion and invader removal differ between native and exotic plant groups in a coastal dune.


Oecologia 173:1521-1530.

Magnoli, S. M., A. R. Kleinhesselink, & J. H. Cushman.

Spatial estimation of the density and carbon content of host populations for Phytophthora ramorum in California and Oregon.


Forest Ecology & Management 262:989-998.

Lamsal, S., R. C. Cobb, J. H. Cushman, Q. Meng, D. M. Rizzo & R. K. Meentemeyer.

Influence of land-cover change on the spread of an invasive forest pathogen.


Ecological Applications 18:159-171.

Meentemeyer, R. K., N. E. Rank, B. L. Anacker & J. H. Cushman.

Negative effects of vertebrate herbivores on invertebrates in a coastal dune community.


Ecology 89:1972-1980.

Huntzinger, M., R. Karban & J. H. Cushman.

Effects of a directional abiotic gradient on plant community dynamics and invasion in a coastal dune system.


Journal of Ecology 95:468-481.

Lortie, C. J. & J. H. Cushman.

Influence of a large herbivore reintroduction on plant invasions and community composition in a California grassland.


Conservation Biology 21:15-521.

Johnson, B. E. & J. H. Cushman.

Temporal changes in native and exotic vegetation and soil characteristics following disturbances by feral pigs in a California grassland.


Biological Invasions 8:1073-1089.

Tierney, T. & J. H. Cushman

Indirect effects of deer herbivory on local nitrogen availability in a coastal dune ecosystem.


Oikos 110:124-132.

McNeil, S. G. & J. H. Cushman.

Community level consequences of a plant invasion: effects on three habitats in coastal California.


Ecological Applications 12:1434-1444.

Alvarez, M. E. & J. H. Cushman.

Influence of herbivores on a perennial plant: variation with life history stage and herbivore species.


Oecologia 132:77-85.

Warner, P. J. & J. H. Cushman.