G. Richard Scott, Ph.D.

Foundation Professor, Anthropology
Richard Scott



G. Richard Scott focuses on the dental anthropological analysis of Medieval European populations, with special emphasis on analysis of nonmetric crown and root traits, dental pathology, stress and cultural behavior. He continues research on the bioarchaeology of Alaskan Inuit populations and Greenlandic Norse.


  • Physical anthropology
  • Dental anthropology
  • Skeletal biology
  • American Southwest, North Atlantic, Arctic, Spain


  • Anth 102 (Introduction to Physical Anthropology)
  • Anth 460 (Primate Evolution)
  • Anth 464/664 (Dental Anthropology)
  • Anth 474/674 (Paleoanthropology)
  • Anth 476/676 (Human Variation)
  • Anth 704 (Seminar in Physical Anthropology)

Selected publications

  • Scott, G.R., L.L. Dern, A.J. Pastore, M.R. Sullivan, H. Nesbitt, D.H. O’Rourke, J.D. Irish, and J.F. Hoffecker. 2023. World variation in three-rooted lower second molars and implications for the hominin fossil record. Journal of Human Evolution 177. doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2023.103327
  • Rathmann, H., S. Perretti, V. Porcu, T. Hanihara, G.R. Scott, J.D. Irish, H. Reyes-Centeno, S. Ghirotto, and K. Harvati. 2023. nferring human neutral genetic variation from craniodental phenotypes. PNAS Nexus, 2, 1-11. doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad217
  • Hoffecker, J.F., S.A. Elias, G.R. Scott, D.H. O’Rourke, L.J. Hlusko, O. Potapova, V. Pitulko, E. Pavlova, L. Bourgeon, and R.S. Vachula. 2023. Beringia and the peopling of the Western Hemisphere. Proc. B Royal Society. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.2246
  • Scott, G.R., L.L. Dern, S. Evinger, D.H. O’Rourke, and J.F. Hoffecker. 2022. Multiple occurrences of the rare Uto-Aztecan variant in Hungary point to ancient ties between populations of western Eurasia and the Americas. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 2022:1-9. doi: 10.1002/oa.3135
  • Scott, G.R., D.H. O’Rourke, J.A. Raff, J.C. Tackney, L.J. Hlusko, S.A. Elias, L. Bourgeon, O. Potapova, E. Pavlova, V. Pitulko, and J.F. Hoffecker. 2021. Peopling the Americas: Not “Out of Japan.” Paleoamerica 7:309-332.
  • Scott, G.R., K. E. Stull, Andrei N. Sbei, M. McKinney, S.R. Boling, and J.D. Irish. 2021. Rocker jaw: global context for a Polynesian characteristic. The Anatomical Record 304:1776-1791.
  • Scott, G.R. 2020. The Eskimo-Aleut dentition: crown and root morphology. Acta Stomatologica Croatica 54:194-207.
  • Scott, G.R., J.D. Irish, and M. Martinón-Torres. 2020.A more comprehensive view of the Denisovan 3-rooted second molar. From Xiahe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 117(1):37-38.
  • Hlusko, L.J., J. Carlson, G. Chaplin, S.A. Elias, J.F. Hoffecker, M. Huffman, N.G. Jablonski, T.A. Monson, D.H. O’Rourke, M.A. Pilloud, and G.R. Scott. 2018. Evidence of environmental selection on the mother-to-infant transmission of vitamin D and fatty acids during the last ice age in Beringia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 115(19): E4426-E4432.
  • Scott, G.R., D. Navega, J. Coelho, M.A. Pilloud, E. Cunha, and J.D. Irish. 2018. rASUDAS: a new web-based application for estimating ancestry from tooth morphology. Forensic Anthropology, 1:18-31.
  • Scott, G.R., K. Schmitz, K. Heim, K.A. Paul, R. Schomberg, and M.A. Pilloud. 2018. Sinodonty, Sundadonty, and the Beringian standstill model: issues of timing and migrations into the New World. Quaternary International, 466B:233-246.
  • Scott, G.R., C.G. Turner II, G.C. Townsend, and M. Martinón-Torres. 2018 The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth: Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapiens. 2nd ed. 396 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Scott, G.R. and J.D. Irish. 2017. Tooth Crown and Root Morphology: The Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Irish, J.D., and G.R. Scott (eds.) 2016. A Companion to Dental Anthropology. London: Wiley-Blackwell 560 pp. Baumann, M., N. Lynnerup, and G.R. Scott. 2016. Stable isotopes and oral tori in Greenlandic Norse and Inuit. International Journal of Osteoarchology DOI: 10.1002/oa.2537
  • Scott, G.R., R. Schomberg, D. Adams, V. Swenson, and M.A. Pilloud. 2016. Northern exposure: mandibular torus in the Greenlandic Norse and the whole wide world. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 161:513-521. Hoffecker, J.F., S.A. Elias, D.H. O'Rourke, G.R. Scott, and N.H. Bigelow. 2016. Beringa and the global dispersal of modern humans. Evolutionary Anthropology 25: 64-78.
  • Scott, G.R., C. Maier, and K. Heim. 2016. Identifying and recording key morphological (nonmetric) crown and root traits. In: A Companion to Dental Anthropology, J.D. Irish and G.R. Scott (eds.), pp.247-264. London: Wiley-Blackwell. Turner, C.G. II, and G.R. Scott. 2014. The dentition of American Indians: evolutionary results and demographic implications following colonization from Siberia. In: Handbook of Paleoanthropology, volume 3, Phylogeny of the Hominines, Winifred Henke (ed.), pp. 1901-1941, Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Scott, G.R. 2014. Dental anthropology. In: Encyclopedia of Human Biology, Volume 2, pp.789-804. New York: Academic Press.
  • Paulson, S.R., S.C. Kuzminsky, G.R. Scott, V.G. Standen, B. Arriaza, I. Munoz, and Lindsay Dorio. 2013. Paleo diet in northern Chile through the Holocene: extremely heavy15N values in dental calculus suggest a guano-derived signature? Journal of Archaeological Science 40:4576-4585.


Ph.D., Arizona State University