About Animal Resources and IACUC
What is the Office of Animal Resources?
The Animal Resources has oversight responsibility for all vertebrate animal research and teaching use at the University of Nevada, Reno. Animal Resources provides campus-wide veterinary care, including for the livestock populations located on properties of the Nevada Experimental Agriculture Station (NAES). Animal Resources staff provide daily husbandry and research services within the Center of Molecular Medicine facility, the central animal facility, the Applied Research Facility and specific laboratory areas within the College of Science. Animal Resources staff collaborate with the faculty and staff to provide best-possible care, optimizing animal welfare per the needs of each species and thereby also helping to provide for high quality science. The OAR helps to administer the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee and provides technical state-of-the-art services for the Nevada Transgenic Center, a core transgenic facility for the NSHE system. Animal Resources reports to the Research & Innovation and the Vice President of Research and Innovation, the Institutional Official (IO) throughout all of the University's programs of animal care and use. The University is fully accredited by AAALAC International, a non-profit global organization of animal science experts and professional organizations that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs .
What is the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)
The IACUC's responsibilities include review of all proposed uses of live vertebrate animals by University faculty across the breadth of animal use locations (including their transportation) before the activity is allowed to begin, to review any requested changes to the approved activity, to inspect all animal facilities and involved laboratories every six months, to review the University's program of care for the humane care and use of animals every six months, to evaluate compliance with all applicable laws and policies regarding the use of vertebrate animals within our program of care, to investigate any concerns or complaints regarding the use of animals, to generate reports of its findings to the IO, including recommendations for program improvements, and to suspend any activity using live verterbrate animals if it is being conducted in a manner not in accordance with the applicable animal welfare laws and policy standards of the institution. As part of these responsibilities, a post-approval monitoring program exists which encompasses all animal use areas of campus facilities.
In compliance with the USDA Animal Welfare Regulations, AAALAC standards, and the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, the IACUC oversees all research and teaching use of live vertebrate animals within the campus-wide programs. The committee also helps to oversee the implementation of the occupational health and safety program for persons working with vertebrate animals in research and teaching programs at the University. These responsibilities encompass work of all type, including biomedical, agricultural, and wildlife projects, among others. The IACUC membership is appointed by the IO and includes veterinarians and faculty scientists in all of these domains, as well as non-scientists and general community representatives who have no affiliation with the University.
Some examples of technical assistance that Animal Resources can offer are listed below. Please contact our office to inquire about other professional and technical guidance available in support of your animal teaching and research related needs. The cost-recovery fee rates for these services can also be provided to you upon request.
- Veterinary clinical diagnostic and treatment plans
- Daily health evaluations
- Health surveillance programs, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic agents
- Breeding colony management and record-keeping
- Time-mated animals
- Animal shipping and receiving services, including quarantine health testing
- Room environmental monitoring
- Training in several available imaging platforms
- Training in maintaining asepsis and general infection control
- Training in general anesthesia and physiological monitoring of anesthetized animals
- Training in blood sampling, injection/administration, and common surgical techniques
- Technical advice on animal model development
- Technical advice on environmental enrichment for animal well-being
- Project-support anesthesia and surgery
- Laboratory mouse blastocyst microinjections
- Laboratory mouse pronuclear injections
- Laboratory mouse in vitro fertilization projects
- Laboratory mouse cryopreservation and cryorecovery
- Embryo transfer for re-derivation of mouse strains with health testing
- Consultation in IACUC protocol development and management