Title IX

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces, among other statutes, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. Title IX states that: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

Scope of Title IX

Title IX applies to institutions that receive federal financial assistance from ED, including state and local educational agencies. These agencies include approximately 16,500 local school districts, 7,000 postsecondary institutions, as well as charter schools, for-profit schools, libraries, and museums. Also included are vocational rehabilitation agencies and education agencies of 50 states, the District of Columbia, and territories and possessions of the United States. Educational programs and activities that receive ED funds must operate in a nondiscriminatory manner. Some key issue areas in which recipients have Title IX obligations are: recruitment, admissions, and counseling; financial assistance; athletics; sex-based harassment; treatment of pregnant and parenting students; discipline; single-sex education; and employment. Also, a recipient may not retaliate against any person for opposing an unlawful educational practice or policy, or made charges, testified or participated in any complaint action under Title IX. For a recipient to retaliate in any way is considered a violation of Title IX. The ED Title IX regulations  (Volume 34, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 106) provide additional information about the forms of discrimination prohibited by Title IX.

The Title IX Coordinator is EO/TIX Director Maria Doucettperry and depending on the specific nature of the complaint, interim measures and final remedies are available which may include, but are not limited to:

  • Providing an effective escort to ensure that the complainant can move safely between classes and activities;
  • Ensuring the complainant and respondent do not share classes or extracurricular activities;
  • Moving the respondent or complainant (if the complainant requests to be moved) to a different residence hall;
  • Providing information on medical, counseling and academic support services, such as tutoring;
  • Working with instructors to allow extra time for assignments without an academic or financial penalty;
  • Restricting the respondent to online classes

9 things to know about Title IX

1. Title IX is a civil right that prohibits sex discrimination in education.

2. Title IX applies to all students regardless of  gender identity.

3.  Schools may not retaliate against someone filing a complaint and must keep complainants safe from other retailatory harrassment. 

4.  Schools should ensure that no student has to share campus spaces (such as dorms, classes and workplaces) with their abuser. 

5.  Schools can issue no-contact directives to prevent accused students from approaching or interacting with you. 

6.  Schools must be proactive in ensuring that your campus is free from sex  discrimination.

7.  Schools cannot discourage you from continuing your education.

8. All schools receiving federal funding, including public K-12 schools and the majority of colleges, are subject to Title IX.

9. Schools must have an established procedure for handling complaints of sexual discrimination, harassment and violence.