Grace Morris

Scholar: Grace Morris

Grace Morris

Major: Economics & International Business

Faculty Mentors: Debra Stiver; Dr. Mark Nichols

Research Topic: "Analyzing Germany's School System: Potential Improvements Through Ganztagsschulen"

Abstract: Germany has been known as "das Land der Dichter und Denker" - "the land of the poets and thinkers." However, recent international studies such as the PISA (the Programme for International Student Assessment), which were conducted by the OECD (the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development) in 2000, 2003, and 2006 have shown that the students in Germany's educational system are performing at a lower level of reading and mathematical competency than those of other developed nations.

Since the latter half of the 19th century, Germany's educational system has traditionally been comprised of half-day schools. Several of the countries, which outperformed Germany in the PISA study, have institutionalized all-day schools, leading many to believe that there is a correlation between all-day schools and better student performance. In response to theses studies, Germany is initiating reforms, including the construction of more all-day schools. In 2003, the program "Zukunft Bildung und Betreuung" (future education and care) went into effect. Four billion Euros were dedicated to constructing new all-day schools and improving those already in place. This research project is attempting to determine whether the students who attend the German all-day schools are showing improvements over those who are attending the half-day schools. Numerous variables such as graduation rates, drop-out rates, retention rates, and test scores could be helpful to preliminarily provide evidence showing a correlation between the time spent in schools and performance. Evidence of improvement among those attending all-day schools can enhance decision making by officials, including whether to disburse the additional funds toward this initiative.

Earned Baccalaureate Degree: Fall 2010

Earned Masters Degree: spring 2013, Economics, University of Nevada, Reno