U.S. Export Controls and Economic Sanctions
An export is any item transferred from the United States to a foreign destination. "Items" include commodities, software, information, and technology. The release of controlled technology, source code or defense services to a foreign national inside the United States is also considered an export to the individual's home country and is referred to as a "deemed export."
U.S. export control and economic sanctions laws and regulations exist to protect national security and the domestic economy. The export of controlled items, information or software may require approval from the U.S. government in the form of an export license. An export license permits controlled tangible items or software to be sent outside the U.S. or controlled technology or software to be shared with foreign persons in the U.S. or abroad.
Similarly, economic sanctions programs prohibit certain transactions with countries and individuals in order to accomplish foreign policy and national security goals. Prohibited transactions are trade or financial transactions, and other dealings such as providing services, in which U.S. persons may not engage unless authorized or expressly exempted by statute. General and specific licenses may be available for certain activities or specific situations.
Violations of export control and economic sanctions regulations can result in the loss of research contracts, as well as both civil and criminal monetary fines and prison sentences.
The vast majority of UNR's activities are excluded from export control and economic sanctions regulations. Export control regulations generally do not apply to information that is 1) in the public domain/publicly available, 2) released in academic catalog-listed courses, or 3) results from Fundamental Research. Because there are exceptions to these exclusions, always consult with the Office of Sponsored Projects if there is uncertainty about the export control status of any UNR activity.
Provisions in award grants/contracts that would remove the Fundamental Research Exclusion are:
- Restriction of access to, or publication of research/technical data.
- Limitations to the participation of foreign nationals in the research effort.
- Inclusion of a clause that requires the University to follow export control regulations for the project.
If there are "yes" responses on the completed Export Control Checklist, training may be required through the web-based Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) modules for Export Control. Anyone interested in learning more about U.S. export controls is welcome to access the training. Directions for accessing the CITI training in U.S. Export Controls.
Export Control Frequently Asked Questions
For information about export controls, please see the Export Control FAQ.
International Travel, Export Controls, and Economic Sanctions
Export controls and economic sanctions are particularly important when traveling outside the U.S. If you plan to travel outside the U. S., please click here for more information.
Foreign Workers and Visitors
An export control and economic sanctions evaluation is required for foreign workers and visitors coming to UNR on the following visa types: H-1B, J-1 Research Scholar, J-1 Professor, J-1 Short-Term Scholar. Departments should complete the Export Control Evaluation for Foreign Workers and Visitors (OSP-30) form, submit it to the Office of Sponsored Projects for evaluation, and then submit the fully signed form with the rest of the visa application paperwork to the Office of International Students and Scholars. An export control evaluation is not required for J-1 or F-1 Students.
Departments hosting foreign visitors for any reason may request the Office of Sponsored Projects to run a Restricted Party Screening by submitting the OSP-30 form.