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Sexual_health

Sexual Health

Sexual health is about more than being disease free.  Having true sexual health means understanding a few things including:

Sexuality

The urge for love and sexual intimacy is just part of being human – an awesome part of being human we might add!  Sexuality is a broad term that basically includes all aspects of sex.  Finding comfort with your own sexuality both physically and mentally is the first step to achieving sexual health.
Communication and Respect:  Let’s talk about sex, embrace it, blab about it.  Here are some tips:  talk about concerns and experiences, use the terms you learned in anatomy, talk about likes and dislikes and talk about consequences and protection.  Respect yourself and respect others.  Good communication is the key to healthy sex. 


Knowledge

Know your body; learn about sexually transmitted diseases, protection, and birth control options.  Knowledge is power.

  • Safety:  There are important ways you can protect your health if you are sexually active. 
  • Using a condom during oral, anal, and vaginal sex
  • Get tested – always know your status, many STDs have no symptoms so getting tested is an important part of sexual health
  • Take care of your self and protect the health of others
  • Certain vaccines can protect you from HP
  • Not having sex is always an option too!

positive SA

STDs:

STDs are infections of the sexual and reproductive organs.  There is so much information about Sexually Transmitted Diseases, transmission, and treatment.  Just keep it simple.  If you are having sex (oral, anal or vaginal), you are at risk of getting an STD.

Half of all newly diagnosed STDs are among people 25 years or younger!  1 in 5 sexually active people will have an STD.  Below is a list with some more commonly diagnosed STDs in the college population.


STI

How you get it.

How you know.

How you detect and treat.

Prevent it.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Through contact/touching an infected person’s sores. Transmission can happen with any contact, not just sexual penetration.

Many times there are no symptoms. External lesions may itch.

There are many treatment options. Because there are often no symptoms it is important for women to have screening, called a PAP.

Barrier methods like condoms reduce risk.*

Chlamydia

When mucous membranes come into contact with infected fluids like semen and mucus. Transmission can happen through anal, vaginal and possibly oral sex.

Many times there are no symptoms. Some patients may experience abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina or pain with urination.

A simple urine test can be done to identify the bacteria. Antibiotics will kill the bacteria.

Barrier methods like condoms reduce risk.*

Herpes

Through contact/touching an infected person’s sores. Transmission can happen with any contact, not just sexual penetration.

Sometimes there are no symptoms. Fluid filled blisters may appear in the genital area and mouth.

The infection is non-curable, but can be managed with antiviral medication.

Barrier methods like condoms reduce risk.*

Testing an Prevention
Because many STDs have no symptoms and can have lasting health consequences it is important to get tested.  The Student Health Center offers free testing for UNR students every Thursday from 8am-10am during the semester. Testing is offered at all times at a minimal charge – just call for current pricing. Your appointment is always free.
Always protect yourself during sexual contact (oral, anal and vaginal). Using a condom is the best protection from STDs.  Condoms are free at the Student Health Center!

Other resources on sexual health:
http://smartersex.org
http://www.cdc.gov/std