Continuous reflection is the key component that differs service-learning from other forms of experiential-learning. In this model, intentional reflection needs to occur before, during and after student service hours. While experiential-learning already encourages students to learn from their experience, reflection takes their experience a few steps further. The reflection may vary based on your placement site and academic studies, however, it should connect with the students career, community need and the cultural context, civic engagement, and personal development. Students should be encouraged to challenge themselves - to learn, un-learn and re-learn, with multiple stakeholders views in mind.
Reflection can occur in a variety of forms. Students can be asked to complete journal entries, participate in class discussion or make entries in a blog or e-portfolio. Reflection assignments can be separate from typical course assignments or their experience can be incorporated into assignments such as literature reviews and essays. Our office has gathered useful information that can assist you in facilitating reflection with your students.