Peter Tse, PhD
Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences
Chunking of visual features in space and time: Behavioral and neuronal mechanisms
4 pm, Monday, March 10, 2014 - DMS 104
We can learn arbitrary feature conjunctions when the to-be-combined features are present at the same time (Wang et al., 1994). This learning is underpinned by increased activity in visual cortex (Frank et al., 2013). I will discuss data that suggest that this kind of feature-conjunction perceptual learning requires attention, is not strongly retinotopic, and can even link features that do not appear at the same time.
Ioulia Kovelman, PhD
University of Michigan
Center for Human Growth & Development
Building a Vision: Shared Multimodal Pediatric fNIRS Brain Imaging Facility at the University of Michigan
4:00 pm, Tues, February 18 - MIKC 124 Wells Fargo Auditorium
Kovelman's research interests are in language and reading development in monolingual and bilingual infants, children, and adults. It includes both typical and atypical language and reading development using a variety of behavioral and brain imaging methods (fMRI, fNIRS).
David M. Raizen, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania
Department of Neurology
Using the worm to catch Z's: somnogen discovery in C. elegans
11 am, Fri. February 7, 2014 - DMS 104
Quiescent behavioral states are universal to the animal world with the most famous and mysterious of these being sleep. Despite the fact that we spend one third of our life sleeping, and despite the fact that all animals appear to sleep, the core function of sleep remains a mystery. In addition, the molecular basis underlying sleep/wake regulation is poorly understood.
Raizen uses C. elegans as a model system to address these questions. C. elegans offers many experimental advantages including powerful genetic tools as well as a simple neuroanatomy.
Growth of C. elegans from an embryo to an adult is punctuated by four molts, during which the animal secretes a new cuticle and sheds its old one. Prior to each molt the worm has a quiescent behavioral state called lethargus. Lethargus has several similarities to sleep including rapid reversibility to strong stimulation, increased sensory arousal threshold, and homeostasis, which is manifested by an increased depth of sleep following a period of deprivation. Similarity to sleep at the molecular genetic level is demonstrated by the identification of signaling pathways that regulate C. elegans lethargus in the similar fashion to their regulation of sleep in mammals and arthropods. For examples, cAMP signaling promotes wakefulness and epidermal growth factor signaling promotes sleep in C. elegans and other organisms. The Raizen lab has identified new regulators of sleep like behavior in C. elegans and is currently studying how these regulators function to regulate sleep. By studying the purpose and genetic regulation of nematode lethargus, they hope to identify additional novel sleep regulators, and to gain insight into why sleep and sleep-like states had evolved, a central biological mystery.