Xiaoyu Pu

Assistant Professor

Areas of Interest: International Relations, Comparative Politics, Chinese Politics, Chinese Foreign Policy, Emerging Powers (BRICS), International Security, International Relations Theory


Ph.D., The Ohio State University

M.A., Kent State University

M.A. and B.A., Nankai University, China

Profile and Research

Xiaoyu Pu’s research focuses on Chinese foreign policy, Chinese politics, Emerging Powers (BRICS), comparative politics, international security, and international relations theory. Prior to joining the University of Nevada-Reno, Pu was a postdoctoral research fellow in the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program at Princeton University. He is committed to integrating the study of China into the broad fields of international relations and comparative politics. His work is both theoretically oriented and policy relevant.  His previous research has appeared in journals such as International Security, The China Quarterly, The Chinese Journal of International PoliticsAsian Affairs as well as edited volumes.  

Pu is currently working on a book manuscript tentatively entitled “Status Signaling in International Politics: Image Management of a Conflicted China. ” Drawing upon insights from psychology, sociology, behavioral economics, the project aims to develop an original two-level theory of signaling in international politics. The project challenges the conventional wisdom that rising powers always want to maximize their status and prestige on the world stage. In particular, this project tries to clarify several mechanisms through which a rising power manages its conflicted image in front of domestic and international audiences.  The project utilizes a multi-method approach, drawing on case studies, content analysis, and interviews. Through investigating original Chinese sources, this project could also shed new light on debates of China’s visions of international order and grand strategy.

In addition to the book project, Pu is working on several manuscripts on signaling, emerging powers, and international political change. He is engaging in a more integrated approach to signaling that could take insights from both rationalist and constructivist perspectives. He also studies how ideational factors (such as ideas, perceptions, and identity) have shaped world politics in general and Chinese politics in particular.


Journal Articles

Xiaoyu Pu, “Socialisation as a Two-way Process: Emerging Powers and the Diffusion of international Norms,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics(Vol 5, Issue 4, Winter 2012), pp.341-367.

Randall L. Schweller and Xiaoyu Pu, "After Unipolarity: China's Visions of International Order in an Era of U.S. Decline," International Security, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Summer 2011), pp. 41-72. Reprinted in Essential Readings in World  Politics.  Karen A. Mingst and Jack Snyder  eds. (New York: W.W. Norton, 2013)

Bin Xu and Xiaoyu Pu, “Dynamic Statism and Memory Politics: A Case Analysis of the Chinese War Reparations Movement,” The China Quarterly,Vol 201. (March 2010), pp. 156-175.

The article received the best graduate student paper award, Asia and Asian America Section, American Sociological Association, 2010
Xiaoyu Pu, “China and International Order Revisited: A Political Sociology Perspective,” [In Chinese], World Economics and Politics, (January 2010), pp.23-36. 

Reprint in East Asian Order: Ideas, Institutions, and Strategies, Zhou Fangying and Gao Chen eds., Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 2012).

Steven Hook and Xiaoyu Pu, “Framing Sino-American Relations Under Stress: A Reexamination of News Coverage of the 2001 Spy Plane Crisis,” Asian Affairs: an American Review, Volume 33, Number 3 (Fall 2006), pp. 167-183.

Book Chapters

Xiaoyu Pu and Randall Schweller,  “Status Signaling, Multiple Audiences, and China’s Bluewater Naval Ambition.” In T.V. Paul, Deborah Larson, and William Wohlforth eds.Status in World Politics (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming,  2014).

Xiaoyu Pu, “Potências Emergentes, Legitimidade e mudanças Normativas Internacionais [Emerging Powers, Legitimacy, and International Normative Change],” in Oliver Stuenkel, ed., Potências Emergentes e Desafios Globais[Emerging Powers and Global Challenges] (São Paulo, Brazil: Fundação Getulio Vargas, and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, translated in Portuguese, 2012)

Xiaoyu Pu and Guang Zhang, “China Rising and Its Foreign Policy Orientations: Perspectives from China’s Emerging Elite,” in Sujian Guo and Shiping Hua, eds., New Dimensions of Chinese Foreign Policy (Lanham, MD:Lexington Books-Rowman & Littlefield, 2007).

Xiaoyu Pu, “Rightful Resistance and The Rise of China,” [in Chinese] in Sun Xuefeng ed. International Legitimacy and Emergence of Great Powers: A Chinese Perspective (Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 2012)

Xiaoyu Pu, “Introduction,” in Introduction to Political Psychology [in Chinese] Yin Jiwu ed.(Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2012)

Working Projects and Papers

“Status Signaling in International Politics: Image Management of a Conflicted China” (Book Project)

“Signaling in International Politics Revisited”

“Status Signaling in US Grand Strategy”

 “Brazil in China’s ‘Emerging Power’ Discourse’ ”

“Can China be a Normative Power?”

Selected Presentations

“Is China a Prestige-maximizer?”  American Political Science Association Annual Meeting,  Chicago,  August 31-September 1, 2013

“Why China Still Can’t Have it All,”   public speech at Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, April, 2013

“Status Signaling in International Politics: Image Management of a Conflicted China, ”Annual Workshop of China and the World Program (CWP), Harvard University, Cambridge, MA,  March, 2013

“Status Signaling, Multiple Audiences, and China’s Grand Strategy, ” New Knowledge Speakers Series, Institute of Contemporary International Relations,  Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, March, 2013

“Image Management of a Conflicted China.,” Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin, China, March, 2013

“Status Signaling in International Politics: China and Two Financial Crises,”   Institute of World Economy and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China, March, 2013

“Status Signaling, Multiple Audiences, and China’s Grand Strategy, ”    Department of Politics and International Relations,  Oxford University, Oxford, UK,  January, 2013.

“Faces, Audiences, and China’s Diplomacy, ”  The International Conference on Northeast Asian Cooperation and Integration, Hangzhou, China. It was co-sponsored by Zhejiang University and The Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies, December, 2012

“Status Signaling, Prestige Demands, and Role Choices in China’s Grand Strategy,” presentation at the Conference on Beyond American Hegemony: Rising Powers, Status and the World Order (co-organized by Deborah Larson, T.V. Paul, and William Wohlforth), Dartmouth College, October, 2010.


Xiaoyu Pu, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor