F-1 students are not authorized for self-employment unless they have an OPT EAD and using it for their fields of study, have a hardship-based EAD, or if the services are related to their sponsoring institution's academic program. It must be communicated and approved by the sponsoring institution prior to the engagement. A payment could be made to the sponsoring institution, who then will pay the F-1 students.
Our office discourages departments from engaging in any activities with F-1 students who are sponsored by another institution unless one of the three exceptions discussed above applies.
When making payments to F-1 students with OPT or hardship-based EAD's, following documents are required:
A remuneration paid to or on behalf of an NRA is subject to a 30% withholding tax on the gross amount and will be reported on Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U.S. Source Income Subject to Withholding. NRA's in F status may need to obtain a SSN or an ITIN in order to take advantage of any available treaty benefits.
When the services are related to their sponsoring institution's academic program and it has been communicated and approved by the sponsoring institution prior to the engagement, a payment will be made to the sponsoring institution:
Since the payment is to the sponsoring institutions, the sponsoring entities are responsible for meeting any withholding requirements associated with the payments to nonresident aliens.