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Images and Data from Africa

Research carried out in Zimbabwe by G. Haynes (since 1982)

Map of Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe


Map with dates



Backed and utilized microlithic tools (various raw materials) excavated in 2008 in Impala Rockshelter, Hwange National Park

Backed and utilized microlithic tools


Early Stone Age handaxes, cleavers, and cores from the Dete site in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe:

Hyperlinks to Hwange handaxe data from several sites, including the Dete site, recorded by Janis Klimowicz (Microsoft Excel© file of metrics and PDF file of metric codes)

Early Stone Agehandaxes, cleavers, and cores


Elephant mandibles collected at the Sengwa Wildlife Research Institute, Zimbabwe:

Hyperlink to tables for helping to determine proboscidean age, using mandibular tooth eruption/wear and scheduling of epiphyseal fusion (PDF file)

Elephant mandibles


An elephant trail in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe:

An elephant trail in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe


Quartz sand grains and charcoal excavated 4 meters below the ground surface of a relict longitudinal dune in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe:

Hyperlink to a graphic of OSL dates from a Hwange dune crest (JPG file)

Quartz sand grains and charcoal


Bone fragments at a noncultural death site of a large mammal in Zimbabwe:

Hyperlink to a file showing the minimum numbers of individual animals whose deaths were recorded at four seepage springs in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe (MHT file)

Bone fragments at a noncultural deathsite of a large mammal


Sketches of MSA and LSA tools from Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe:

Hyperlink to tables showing extent of archeological surveying carried out in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe (PDF file)

Hyperlink to a list of archeological sites found in Hwange National Park (PDF file)

Sketches of MSA and LSA tools


Map of six clustered rockshelters on Bumbusi ridge, Hwange National Park. Two of the rockshelters were tested or partly excavated in 2007 and 2008. All contain rock art, mostly animal-spoor engravings. A sample of the tens of thousands of Wilton lithics from controlled excavations is being analyzed, along with a sample of the thousands of faunal and macrobotanical materials.

Map of sixclustered rockshelters


Teresa Wriston cleaning a buried slab of sandstone she excavated in one of the Bumbusi ridge rockshelters. On it are identifiable engravings (petroglyphs) of impala and warthog spoor. Organics in the sediments above and below the slab have been dated, indicating the slab fell from the rockshelter wall between 3,000 and 2,300 BP, providing a minimum age for the rock art.

Teresa Wriston cleaning a buried slab of sandstone

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