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A Brief Biography

haynes at the screen, Impala Rockshelter, Zimbabwe

UNR Foundation Professor of Anthropology

Ph.D. 1981, Catholic University of America
Ansari Business Building, Room 506
(775) 682-7642 (office)
(775) 682-9308 (lab)


Peopling of the Americas, Southern African Paleoenvironmental Changes, Late Pleistocene Human Foraging Practices, Megafaunal Extinctions, Southern African Rock Art

Casts of Fluted projectile points Cover of Clovis book


I have been involved for 30 years in studies of Clovis-era megafauna, the enigmatic end-Pleistocene extinctions, the wide variability to be found in archeological assemblages, and the complex paleoenvironmental changes of the Late Glacial interval. The studies have been archeological, taphonomic, actualistic, and analytical in nature. I have published three books and over 100 scientific papers on the topics.

GH cleaning a Start pitMy primary fieldwork continues annually in southern Africa, where I have been carrying out actualistic studies of elephants for three decades. I am also closely collaborating with African scientists to learn more about the changing Pleistocene-Holocene paleoenvironments of northwestern Zimbabwe and the complexities of human prehistory in that part of the continent. Click here to read more about the people and places in my main study area in Zimbabwe.

I was President of INQUA's Commission on Humans and the Biosphere for 8 years. I facilitated international cross-disciplinary research projects to study long-distance dispersal by the genus Homo. I am especially interested in the discontinuous cycles of colonization, abandonment, and recolonization in Africa and Asia that eventually led to the settlement of Australia and the Americas.

Selected Publications

(View full list of downloadable PDFs and links)

  • Haynes, G., and Klimowicz, J. (2015). Recent Elephant-Carcass Utilization as a Basis for Interpreting Mammoth Exploitation. Quaternary International 359-360: 19-37.
  • Sala, N., Arsuaga, J.L. and Haynes, G. (2014). Taphonomic Comparison of Bone Modifications Caused by Wild and Captive Wolves (Canis lupus). Quaternary International 330: 126-135.
  • Haynes, G., and Klimowicz, J. (2014). Trauma, Injury, and Bone Lesions in an African Elephant Population. Scientific Annals, School of Geology, Aristotle University (Proceedings of the VIth International Conference on Mammoths and their Relatives): 68-69.
  • Haynes, G. (2014). North American Megafaunal Extinction: Climate or Overhunting? In C. Smith (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2. Springer Science+Business Media, New York.
  • Haynes, G., and Klimowicz, J. (2015). Recent Elephant-Carcass Utilization as a Basis for Interpreting Mammoth Exploitation. Quaternary International 359-360: 19-37.
  • Haynes, G., and Hutson, J. (2013). Clovis Subsistence: Regional Variability, Continental Patterning. In K. Graf, C.V. Ketron, and M. Waters (eds.), Paleoamerican Odyssey, pp. 293-309. Texas A&M University.
  • Hutson, J., Burke, C., and Haynes, G. (2013). Osteophagia and Bone Modifications by Giraffe and Other Large Ungulates. Journal of Archaeological Science.
  • Haynes, G. 2013. The Weight and Meaning of Eastern Paleoindian Research: A View from West of the Rockies. In Gingerich, J.A.M. (ed.), In the Eastern Fluted Point Tradition, pp. 355-370. University of Utah Press.
  • Haynes, G. 2013. Extinctions in North America's Late Glacial Landscapes. Quaternary International 285: 89-98.
  • Haynes, G. 2012. Elephants (and Extinct Relatives) as Earth-movers and Ecosystem Engineers. Geomorphology 157-158: 99-107.
  • Haynes, G., Makuvaza, S. & Wriston, T. 2011. The Bumbusi Petroglyphs and Paintings in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe: Preliminary Results of Recording and Rockshelter Excavations. Zimbabwean Prehistory 29: 12-25.
  • Haynes, G. & Krasinski, K. 2010. Taphonomic Fieldwork in Southern Africa and its Application in Studies of the Earliest Peopling of North America. Journal of Taphonomy 8(2-3): 181-202.
  • Krasinski, K. & Haynes, G. 2010. The Eastern Beringian Chronology of Quaternary Extinctions: A Methodological Approach to Radiocarbon Evaluation." Alaska Journal of Anthropology 8(1): 39-60.
  • Wriston, T. & Haynes, G. 2009. Preliminary Results of Archeological Excavations in Impala and Ngabaa Rockshelters, Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Nyame Akuma 72: 61-66.
  • Haynes, G. & Klimowicz, J. 2009. Middle Stone Age Evidence from Hwange National Park, Northwestern Zimbabwe. Nyame Akuma 71: 63-73.
  • Haynes, G. (editor) 2009. American Megafaunal Extinctions at the End of the Pleistocene, Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Haynes, G. 2007. A Review of Some Attacks on the Overkill Hypothesis, with Special Attention to Misrepresentations and Doubletalk. Quaternary International 169-170: 84-94.
  • Haynes, G. 2007. Rather Odd Detective Stories: A View of Some Actualistic and Taphonomic Trends in Paleoindian Studies. In Breathing Life Into Fossils: Taphonomic Studies in Honor of C. K. (Bob) Brain, edited by T. Pickering, K. Schick, and N. Toth, pp. 25-35. Stone Age Institute Publication Series Number 2, Stone Age Institute Press, Gosport (IN).
  • Haynes, G., and J. Klimowicz. 2007. Two ESA Sites in Northwestern Zimbabwe, and Thoughts on the Nature of Mid-Pleistocene Hominin Dispersal into the Region. Zimbabwean Prehistory 27: 3-17.
  • Haynes, G. 2005. Las acumulaciones modernas de huesos de elefante como modelo para interpreter Ambrona y otras areas con fauna fosil a orillas del agua [Modern Elephant-Bone Assemblages as Models for Interpreting Ambrona and Other Fossil Waterside Deathsites]. In M. Santonja and A. Pérez Gonzalez (eds.), Los yacimientos paleolíticos de Ambrona y Torralba (Soria). Zona Arqueológicas Número 5: 154-174. Alcalá de Henares, Museo Arqueológico Regional (Madrid).
  • Haynes, G. 2002. The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Haynes, G. 1991. Mammoths, Mastodonts, and Elephants: Biology, Behavior, and the Fossil Record. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

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